Thursday, June 21, 2018

Stay safe this Monsoon

Posted On : July 04,2015

Finally some respite from the heat. It's time for the colorful umbrellas, water proof bags and rain coats to get out of the closet.

While the monsoons usher in a cooler, rain-drenched weather, it might wreck havoc on one's health. There is a steady rise in cases of viral infections during the monsoons.

Cold, cough, sore throat, viral fever, allergies, diarrhea, and malaria are the common problems that affect people during this season. speaks to Dr. M J Jayakanth, MBBS, MD Consultant Specialist at Apollo Clinics to find out the tips to stay safe this monsoon.

"The sudden increase in infectious diseases during monsoons often leaves us baffled & wondering as to what might be the probable causes. The damp weather, followed by  the humidity in the air is the key to the rise in instances of viral infection. The fast changing weather also makes a perfect breeding ground for bacteria and virus. The diseases primarily arise from water, air, mosquitoes and moulds. Cases of serious viral infection may be give rise to Gastroenteritis and Viral hepatitis- both of which are 
water borne. Gastroenteritis can be a painful ailment that causes digestive disorder & cramps. Viral hepatitis is a serious infection that results in yellow urine and yellow eyes, accompanied with high fever. Any symptoms of these diseases are to be treated as per a specialist doctors consultation," says Dr. Jayakanth.

During this season, people can be prone to 
mosquito borne diseases like malaria, dengue fever and chickungunya. Malaria can be lethal, if left untreated. About of Chickungunya can cause severe joint pain, which can lasts for weeks and months. Dengue fever can also be very serious in certain cases. Although, an early detection & treatment can help treat the dengue better.

Air borne
viral infections are often mild usually causes minor infection in adults. However, elders & young children are more vulnerable to these infections & need to take proper care.

Moulds growing on humid surfaces including our clothes and moist areas of the
skin, is one problem that is frequently encountered during the season. However, mould induced infection are often mild in nature & can be treated easily.

Here are some preventive measures that will ensure that monsoons are an enjoyable experience:
1. Drink only clean water. Use boiled water or water purifiers.
2. Use separate hand towels.
3. Cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief while coughing or sneezing.
4. Use mosquito repellents and nets (dengue transmitting mosquitoes usually bite during day
, either early morning or late evening)
5. Keep your garments dry and keep aside the wet, soggy shoes to keep the moulds away.
6. Seek medical attention early
7. Consume freshly prepared food and avoid eating out as much as possible
8. Drink warm water every two hours; carry home-boiled water while travelling 
9. Avoid visiting crowded places such as theatres or exhibitions.
10. Use hand sanitizers.
11. Cover your nose while travelling in bike / while seated next to window in bus or train.
12. Avoid getting wet in rain.

Prevention for kids:
Parents must keep their children away from those with infectious illnesses while playing or at school. Parents should ensure that their child’s nails are cut short to prevent accumulation of germs and dirt; ensure proper washing of hands and legs and provide nutritious food with a balanced diet. Keep your child indoors during the first rain of the season. This rain can be acidic and could cause skin problems. Young children are susceptible to frequent bouts of illness during the monsoons. Hence, it is advisable to keep the baby indoors till the weather stabilizes.

Parents must 
take care of themselves, since they can transmit the infection to their children.

The treatment:
Infections during monsoons, usually starts with tonsillitis, cold and cough and gradually spreads to the rest of the body. Symptoms of viral fever are body and muscle pain, headache, joint pain, redness of eyes, skin rash and nasal congestion. Some people also experience nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

The treatment of viral fever is entirely symptomatic and it usually comes down after four or five days.

Home remedies for Viral Symptoms:
1.Adequate hydration by drinking lot of liquids
2.antipyretics and analgesics for fever and body pain.
3.Steam inhalation for nasal congestion and sinus pain.
4.Salt water gargle for sore throat.
5. AVOID SELF MEDICATION WITH ANTIBIOTICS. Though it is highly contagious, the chances of it turning life-threatening are quite rare.

If symptoms are severe or
long lasting, visit your doctor to rule out any bacterial infection. Flu vaccines can often prove useful and one needs to take booster every year.